Middle East Update

he episodes taking place within Tunisia and Egypt are not alike to that of Libya. It would be delightful to see this spread to places such as Dubai and Saudi Arabia. It seems that the theory of Temporary autonomous zones by Hakim Bey has been proven through these uprisings. Still Libya is not in this category. A great article about Libya can be found Here. Or below
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Libya, Getting it Right: A Revolutionary Pan-African Perspective

by Gerald A. Perreira
The conflict in Libya is not a revolution, but a counter-revolution. The struggle “is fundamentally a battle between Pan-African forces on the one hand, who are dedicated to the realization of Qaddafi’s vision of a united Africa, and reactionary racist Libyan Arab forces who reject Qaddafi’s vision of Libya as part of a united Africa.” The so-called Black African “mercenaries” are misnamed. “As a result of Libya’s support for liberation movements throughout Africa and the world, international battalions were formed” which are part of the Libyan armed forces.

Libya, Getting it Right: A Revolutionary Pan-African Perspective
by Gerald A. Perreira
“The media and their selected commentators have done their best to manufacture an opinion that Libya is essentially the same as Egypt and Tunisia.”
Thousands of Indians, Egyptians, Chinese, Filipinos, Turks, Germans, English, Italians, Malaysians, Koreans and a host of other nationalities are lining up at the borders and the airport to leave Libya. It begs the question: What were they doing in Libya in the first place? Unemployment figures, according to the Western media and Al Jazeera, are at 30%. If this is so, then why all these foreign workers?
For those of us who have lived and worked in Libya, there are many complexities to the current situation that have been completely overlooked by the Western media and ‘Westoxicated’ analysts, who have nothing other than a Eurocentric perspective to draw on. Let us be clear – there is no possibility of understanding what is happening in Libya within a Eurocentric framework. Westerners are incapable of understanding a system unless the system emanates from or is attached in some way to the West. Libya’s system and the battle now taking place on its soil, stands completely outside of the Western imagination.
News coverage by the BBC, CNN and Al Jazeera has been oversimplified and misleading. An array of anti-Qaddafi spokespersons, most living outside Libya, have been paraded in front of us – each one clearly a counter-revolutionary and less credible than the last. Despite the clear and irrefutable evidence from the beginning of these protests that Muammar Qaddafi had considerable support both inside Libya and internationally, not one pro-Qaddafi voice has been allowed to air. The media and their selected commentators have done their best to manufacture an opinion that Libya is essentially the same as Egypt and Tunisia and that Qaddafi is just another tyrant amassing large sums of money in Swiss bank accounts. But no matter how hard they try, they cannot make Qaddafi into a Mubarak or Libya into Egypt.
“Libya’s system and the battle now taking place on its soil, stands completely outside of the Western imagination.”
The first question is: Is the revolt taking place in Libya fuelled by a concern over economic issues such as poverty and unemployment as the media would have us believe? Let us examine the facts.
Under the revolutionary leadership of Muammar Qaddafi, Libya has attained the highest standard of living in Africa. In 2007, in an article which appeared in the African Executive Magazine, Norah Owaraga noted that Libya, “unlike other oil producing countries such as Nigeria and Saudi Arabia, utilized the revenue from its oil to develop its country. The standard of living of the people of Libya is one of the highest in Africa, falling in the category of countries with a GNP per capita of between USD 2,200 and 6,000.”
This is all the more remarkable when we consider that in 1951 Libya was officially the poorest country in the world. According to the World Bank, the per capita income was less than $50 a year – even lower than India. Today, all Libyans own their own homes and cars. Two Fleet Street journalists, David Blundy and Andrew Lycett, who are by no means supporters of the Libyan revolution, had this to say:
“The young people are well dressed, well fed and well educated. Libyans now earn more per capita than the British. The disparity in annual incomes… is smaller than in most countries. Libya’s wealth has been fairly spread throughout society. Every Libyan gets free, and often excellent, education, medical and health services. New colleges and hospitals are impressive by any international standard. All Libyans have a house or a flat, a car and most have televisions, video recorders and telephones. Compared with most citizens of the Third World countries, and with many in the First World, Libyans have it very good indeed.” (Source: Qaddafi and the Libyan Revolution)
Large scale housing construction has taken place right across the country. Every citizen has been given a decent house or apartment to live in rent-free. In Qaddafi’s Green Book it states: “The house is a basic need of both the individual and the family, therefore it should not be owned by others.” This dictum has now become a reality for the Libyan people.
Large scale agricultural projects have been implemented in an effort to “make the desert bloom” and achieve self-sufficiency in food production. Any Libyan who wants to become a farmer is given free use of land, a house, farm equipment, some livestock and seed.
“The standard of living of the people of Libya is one of the highest in Africa.”
Today, Libya can boast one of the finest health care systems in the Arab and African World. All people have access to doctors, hospitals, clinics and medicines, completely free of all charges. The fact is that the Libyan revolution has achieved such a high standard of living for its people that they import labor from other parts of the world to do the jobs that the unemployed Libyans refuse to do. Libya has been called by many observers inside and out, “a nation of shop keepers.” It is part of the Libyan Arab psyche to own your own small business and this type of small scale private enterprise flourishes in Libya. We can draw on many examples of Libyans with young sons who expressed the idea that it would be shameful for the family if these same young men were to seek menial work and instead preferred for them to remain at home supported by the extended family.
No system is perfect, and Libya is no exception. They suffered nine years of economic sanctions and this caused huge problems for the Libyan economy. Also, there is nowhere on planet earth that has escaped the monumental crisis of neo-liberal capitalism. It has impacted everywhere – even on post revolutionary societies that have rejected “free market” capitalism. However, what we are saying is that severe economic injustice is not at the heart of this conflict. So then, what is?
A Battle for Africa
The battle that is being waged in Libya is fundamentally a battle between Pan-African forces on the one hand, who are dedicated to the realization of Qaddafi’s vision of a united Africa, and reactionary racist Libyan Arab forces who reject Qaddafi’s vision of Libya as part of a united Africa and want to ally themselves instead with the EU and look toward Europe and the Arab World for Libya’s future.
One of Muammar Qaddafi’s most controversial and difficult moves in the eyes of many Libyans was his championing of Africa and his determined drive to unite Africa with one currency, one army and a shared vision regarding the true independence and liberation of the entire continent. He has contributed large amounts of his time and energy and large sums of money to this project and like Kwame Nkrumah, he has paid a high price.
Many of the Libyan people did not approve of this move. They wanted their leader to look towards Europe. Of course, Libya has extensive investments and commercial ties with Europe but the Libyans know that Qaddafi’s heart is in Africa.
Many years ago, Qaddafi told a large gathering, which included Libyans and revolutionaries from many parts of the world, that the Black Africans were the true owners of Libya long before the Arab incursion into North Africa, and that Libyans need to acknowledge and pay tribute to their ancient African roots. He ended by saying, as is proclaimed in his Green Book, that “the Black race shall prevail throughout the world.” This is not what many Libyans wanted to hear. As with all fair skinned Arabs, prejudice against Black Africans is endemic.
Brother Leader, Guide of the Revolution and King of Kings are some of the titles that have been bestowed on Qaddafi by Africans. Only last month Qaddafi called for the creation of a Secretariat of traditional African Chiefs and Kings, with whom he has excellent ties, to co-ordinate efforts to build African unity at the grassroots level throughout the continent, a bottom up approach, as opposed to trying to build unity at the government/state level, an approach which has failed the African unification project since the days of Kwame Nkrumah and Sekou Toure. This bottom up approach is widely supported by many Pan Africanists worldwide.
African Mercenaries or Freedom Fighters?
In the past week, the phrase “African mercenaries” has been repeated over and over by the media and the selected Libyan citizens they choose to speak to have, as one commentator put it, “spat the word ‘African’ with a venomous hatred.”
The media has assumed, without any research or understanding of the situation because they are refusing to give any air time to pro-Qaddafi forces, that the many Africans in military uniform fighting alongside the pro-Qaddafi Libyan forces are mercenaries. However, it is a myth that the Africans fighting to defend the Jamahiriya and Muammar Qaddafi are mercenaries being paid a few dollars and this assumption is based solely on the usual racist and contemptuous view of Black Africans.
Actually, in truth, there are people all over Africa and the African Diaspora who support and respect Muammar Qaddafi as a result of his invaluable contribution to the worldwide struggle for African emancipation.
“It is a myth that the Africans fighting to defend the Jamahiriya and Muammar Qaddafi are mercenaries being paid a few dollars.”
Over the past two decades, thousands of Africans from all over the continent were provided with education, work and military training – many of them coming from liberation movements. As a result of Libya’s support for liberation movements throughout Africa and the world, international battalions were formed. These battalions saw themselves as a part of the Libyan revolution, and took it upon themselves to defend the revolution against attacks from within its borders or outside.
These are the Africans who are fighting to defend Qaddafi and the gains of the Libyan revolution to their death if need be. It is not unlike what happened when internationalist battalions came to the aid of the revolutionary forces against Franco’s fascist forces in Spain.
Malian political analyst, Adam Thiam, notes that “thousands of Tuaregs who were enrolled in the Islamic Legion established by the Libyan revolution remained in Libya and they are enrolled in the Libyan security forces.”
African Migrants under Attack
As African fighters from Chad, Niger, Mali, Ghana, Kenya and Southern Sudan (it should be noted that Libya supported the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army under John Garang in their war of liberation against Arab hegemonists in Khartoum, while all other Arab leaders backed the Khartoum regime) fight to defend this African revolution, a million African refugees and thousands of African migrant workers stand the risk of being murdered as a result of their perceived support for Qaddafi.
One Turkish construction worker described a massacre: “We had 70-80 people from Chad working for our company. They were cut dead with pruning shears and axes, attackers saying: ‘You are providing troops for Qaddafi. The Sudanese were also massacred. We saw it for ourselves.”
This is a far cry from what is being portrayed in the media as “peaceful protesters” being set upon by pro-Qaddafi forces. In fact, footage of the Benghazi revolt shows men with machetes, AK 47s and RPGs. In the Green Book, Qaddafi argues for the transfer of all power, wealth and arms directly into the hands of the people themselves. No one can deny that the Libyan populace is heavily armed. This is part of Qaddafi’s philosophy of arms not being monopolised by any section of the society, including the armed forces. It must be said that it is not usual practice for tyrants and dictators to arm their population.
Qaddafi has also been very vocal regarding the plight of Africans who migrate to Europe, where they are met with racism, more poverty, violence at the hands of extreme right wing groups and in many cases death, when the un-seaworthy boats they travel in sink.
“Qaddafi has also been very vocal regarding the plight of Africans who migrate to Europe.”
Moved by their plight, a conference was held in Libya in January this year, to address their needs and concerns. More than 500 delegates and speakers from around the world attended the conference titled “A Decent Life in Europe or a Welcome Return to Africa.”
“We should live in Europe with decency and dignity,” Qaddafi told participants. “We need a good relationship with Europe not a relationship of master and slave. There should be a strong relationship between Africa and Europe. Our presence should be strong, tangible and good. It’s up to you as the Africans in the Diaspora. We have to continue more and more until the unity of Africa is achieved.
From now on, by the will of God, I will assign teams to search, investigate and liaise with the Africans in Europe and to check their situations…this is my duty and role towards the sons of Africa; I am a soldier for Africa. I am here for you and I work for you; therefore, I will not leave you and I will follow up on your conditions.”
Joint committees of African migrants, the United Nations, the African Union, the European Union and international organizations present at the conference discussed the need to coordinate the implementation of many of the conference’s recommendations.
Statements are appearing all over the internet from Africans who have a different view to that being perpetuated by those intent on discrediting Qaddafi and the Libyan revolution. One African commented:
“When I was growing up I first read a comic book of his revolution at the age of ten. Since then, as dictators came and went, Colonel Qaddafi has made an impression on me as a man who truly loves Africa! Libyans could complain that he spent their wealth on other Africans! But those Africans he helped put in power, built schools and mosques and brought in many forms of development showing that Africans can do for themselves. If those Africans would abandon him to be swallowed by Western Imperialism and their lies and just let him go as a dictator in the name of so-called democracy…if they could do that…they should receive the names and fate that the Western press gives our beloved leader. If there is any one person who was half as generous as he is, let them step forward.”
And another African comments:
“This man has been accused of many things and listening to the West who just recently were happy to accept his generous hospitality, you will think that he is worse than Hitler. The racism and contemptuous attitudes of Arabs towards Black Africans has made me a natural sceptic of any overtures from them to forge a closer link with Black Africa but Qaddafi was an exception.”
Opportunistic Revolt
This counter-revolutionary revolt caught everyone, including the Libyan authorities, by surprise. They knew what the media is not reporting: that unlike Egypt and Tunisia and other countries in the region, where there is tremendous poverty, unemployment and repressive pro-Western regimes, the Libyan dynamic was entirely different. However, an array of opportunistic forces, ranging from so-called Islamists, Arab-Supremacists, including some of those who have recently defected from Qaddafi’s inner circle, have used the events in neighbouring countries as a pretext to stage a coup and to advance their own agenda for the Libyan nation. Many of these former officials were the authors of, and covertly fuelled the anti-African pogrom in Libya a few years ago when many Africans lost their lives in street battles between Africans and Arab Libyans. This was a deliberate attempt to embarrass Qaddafi and to undermine his efforts in Africa.
Qaddafi has long been a thorn in the Islamists side. In his recent address to the Libyan people, broadcast from the ruins of the Bab al-Azizia compound bombed by Reagan in 1986, he asked the “bearded ones” in Benghazi and Jabal al Akhdar where they were when Reagan bombed his compound in Tripoli, killing hundreds of Libyans, including his daughter. He said they were hiding in their homes applauding the US and he vowed that he would never allow the country to be returned to the grip of them and their colonial masters.
Al Qaeda is in the Sahara on his borders and the International Union of Muslim Scholars is calling for him to be tried in a court. One asks why are they calling for Qaddafi’s blood? Why not Mubarak who closed the Rafah Border Crossing while the Israeli’s slaughtered the Palestinians in Gaza. Why not Bush, Cheney, Rumsfeld and Blair who are responsible for the murder of millions of Muslims in Iraq and Afghanistan?
“An array of opportunistic forces, ranging from so-called Islamists, Arab-Supremacists, including some of those who have recently defected from Qaddafi’s inner circle, have used the events in neighbouring countries as a pretext to stage a coup.”
The answer is simple – because Qaddafi committed some “cardinal sins.” He dared to challenge their reactionary and feudal notions of Islam. He has upheld the idea that every Muslim is a ruler (Caliph) and does not need the Ulema to interpret the Quran for them. He has questioned the Islam of the Muslim Brotherhood and Al Qaeda from a Quranic/theological perspective and is one of the few political leaders equipped to do so. Qaddafi has been called a Mujaddid (this term refers to a person who appears to revive Islam and to purge it of alien elements, restoring it to its authentic form) and he comes in the tradition of Jamaludeen Afghani and the late Iranian revolutionary, Ali Shariati.
Libya is a deeply traditional society, plagued with some outmoded and bankrupt ideas that continue to surface to this day. In many ways, Qaddafi has had to struggle against the same reactionary aspects of Arab culture and tradition that the holy prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was struggling against in 7th century Arabia – Arab supremacy/racism, supremacy of family and tribe, historical feuding tribe against tribe and the marginalisation of women. Benghazi has always been at the heart of counter-revolution in Libya, fostering reactionary Islamic movements such as the Wahhabis and Salafists. It is these people who founded the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group based in Benghazi which allies itself with Al Qaeda and who have, over the years, been responsible for the assassination of leading members of the Libyan revolutionary committees.
These forces hate Qaddafi’s revolutionary reading of the Quran. They foster an Islam concerned with outward trappings and mere religiosity, in the form of rituals, which at the same time is feudal and repressive, while rejecting the liberatory spirituality of Islam. While these so-called Islamists are opposed to Western occupation of Muslim lands, they have no concrete programmatic platform for meaningful socio-economic and political transformation to advance their societies beyond semi-feudal and capitalist systems which reinforce the most backward and reactionary ideas and traditions. Qaddafi’s political philosophy, as outlined in the Green Book, rejects unfettered capitalism in all its manifestations, including the “State capitalism” of the former communist countries and the neo-liberal capitalist model that has been imposed at a global level. The idea that capitalism is not compatible with Islam and the Quran is not palatable to many Arabs and so-called Islamists because they hold onto the fallacious notion that business and trade is synonymous with capitalism.
Getting it Right
Whatever the mistakes made by Qaddafi and the Libyan revolution, its gains and its huge contribution to the struggle of oppressed peoples worldwide cannot and must not be ignored. Saif Qaddafi, when asked about the position of his father and family, said this battle is not about one man and his family, it is about Libya and the direction it will take.
That direction has always been controversial. In 1982, The World Mathaba was established in Libya. Mathaba means a gathering place for people with a common purpose. The World Mathaba brought together revolutionaries and freedom fighters from every corner of the globe to share ideas and develop their revolutionary knowledge. Many liberation groups throughout the world received education, training and support from Muammar Qaddafi and the Libyan revolution including ANC, AZAPO, PAC and BCM of Azania (South Africa), SWAPO of Namibia, MPLA of Angola, The Sandinistas of Nicaragua, The Polisario of the Sahara, the PLO, The Native American Movements throughout the Americas, The Nation of Islam led by Louis Farrakhan to name but a few. Nelson Mandela called Muammar Qaddafi one of this century’s greatest freedom fighters, and insisted that the eventual collapse of the apartheid system owed much to Qaddafi and Libyan support. Mandela said that in the darkest moments of their struggle, when their backs were to the wall, it was Muammar Qaddafi who stood with them. The late African freedom fighter, Kwame Ture, referred to Qaddafi as “a diamond in a cesspool of African misleaders.”
“Nelson Mandela called Muammar Qaddafi one of this century’s greatest freedom fighters.”
The hideous notion being perpetuated by the media and reactionary forces, inside and outside of Libya, that this is just another story of a bloated dictatorship that has run its course is mis-information and deliberate distortion. Whatever one’s opinions of Qaddafi the man, no one can deny his invaluable contribution to human emancipation and the universal truths outlined in his Green Book.
Progressive scholars in many parts of the world, including the West, have acclaimed The Green Book as an incisive critique of capitalism and the Western Parliamentary model of multi-party democracy. In addition, there is no denying that the system of direct democracy posited by Qaddafi in The Green Book offers an alternative model and solution for Africa and the Third World, where multi-party so-called democracy has been a dismal failure, resulting in poverty, ethnic and tribal conflict and chaos.
Every revolution, since the beginning of time, has defended itself against those who would want to roll back its gains. Europeans should look back into their own bloody history to see that this includes the American, French and Bolshevik revolutions. Marxists speak of Trotsky and Lenin’s brutal suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion by the Red Army as being a “tragic necessity.”
Let’s get it right: The battle in Libya is not about peaceful protestors versus an armed and hostile State. All sides are heavily armed and hostile. The battle being waged in Libya is essentially a battle between those who want to see a united and liberated Libya and Africa, free of neo-colonialism and neo-liberal capitalism and free to construct their own system of governance compatible with the African and Arab personalities and cultures and those who find this entire notion repugnant. And both sides are willing to pay the ultimate price to defend their positions.
Make no mistake, if Qaddafi and the Libyan revolution are defeated by this opportunistic conglomerate of reactionaries and racists, then progressive forces worldwide and the Pan African project will suffer a huge defeat and set back.
Gerald A. Perreira has lived in Libya for many years and was an executive member of the World Mathaba. He can be contacted at mojadi94@gmail.com.
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Will the Libyan people be better off without Qaddafi? That is highly unlikely. One wonders who, or why this conflict began in Libya. Surely the people will regret this when they end up with a government 10 times worse then the one they are presently attacking.

The Imperialist forces are busy constructing their own downfall. How can one unite the world without a united Africa? Communism is the key.

“Eyes open.”

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The Violators: No human rights for you.

We –Project Freedom Canada– have done all that it is possible for the time being in regards to the flagrant violation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms by the Federal Conservative Party in Canada. We went to the Supreme Court in hopes that we could sue the Attorney General of Canada and strike all of these illegal amendments from the Criminal Code before any innocent victims targeted by this oppressive Federal Government could be charged. Sadly it was not possible as we were denied standing. We then attempted to intervene in cases before the courts as we were instructed to by the Supreme Court but we were stonewalled by legal firms that refused to co-operate. We then attempted to enforce justice by complaining to the Canadian Bar Association about the possible cohesion of Legal Teams in regards to the defense of these innocent victims targeted by the Federal Government for imprisonment. The Canadian Bar Association did not co-operate with us. Apparently if an innocent victim is charged and the Law Firm representing them is aware that they are innocent it is still permitted to aid them to plea Guilty in order to avoid fuss. This is not justice. Do not fret. We still intend to restore Law and Order to Canada.

We will be publishing a Book entitled “The Violators: No Human Rights for You”. This book will provide details about the Federal Conservative Party members and the organizations they belong to as well as our factum and the factum of the Attorney General of Canada. Also we will provide correspondence between ourselves and the Canadian Bar Association. It is our hope that we will be able to reveal to the Canadian Public the outrageous nature of this violation and encourage innocent victims to do the correct thing and take this evil government to court. We intend to hire a publicist in order to ensure this is brought to the attention of the Canadian Public.

It will be available we hope before the end of 2011. It would be wonderful if after Law and Order is restored to Canada that the innocent victims will participate in class-action lawsuit against the Federal Conservative Party of Canada. They do not belong in Canada.

Stupid Stephen Harper: Flaunts his disregard of Canadian laws in order to impose his backward morals on Canada, yet again

Stephen Harper decides to ignore court ruling that makes Prostitution aspects legal in Canada because “… we believe that the prostitution trade is bad for society.” Again we see the Stephen Harper Minority Christian Fundamentalist Conservative government displaying their utter contempt for the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Canadian Constitution that it is a part of through their despicable actions.

See the Story in the METRO here
Or read about it below.

ALLISON JONES

Published: December 02, 2010 10:30 p.m.
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Dominatrix to Harper: ‘fight like a man’

TORONTO – Sex-trade workers will one day be able to legally provide for their families and work in Canada without fear of violence, advocates predicted Thursday, even as Ontario’s top court kept prostitution laws in place for now.

A landmark court ruling striking down three key prostitution laws was put on hold until April 29, giving the federal and provincial governments time to appeal.

Dominatrix Terri-Jean Bedford, one of the three sex-trade workers at the heart of this case, said outside court Thursday that she is confident they will win in the end.

But she suggested Prime Minister Stephen Harper is hiding behind the courts on the contentious issue, and challenged him to “fight like a man.”

“He can withdraw this appeal at any moment and change the law through Parliament,” she said.

“His silence means that he does not know what to do and is not concerned about the violence against women.”

Harper was asked about Bedford’s comments after he made an unrelated announcement and seemed tickled.

“I’ve never been called upon to respond to a dominatrix before,” he said with a smirk.

Harper said the government supports the laws and his government looks forward to fighting on appeal to keep them on the books.

“We believe that the prostitution trade is bad for society,” he said. “That’s a strong view held by our government, I think by most Canadians.”

Even with the full weight of the federal government on the opposing side, Bedford said she will continue to fight for the safety of other women. Unspecified disabilities have left her unable to “tie people up and spank them” as much as she’d like to these days.

“The only people who benefit from this law right now are tax evaders and organized crime,” she said.

“The women need to be able to call the police when they’re beat up by the pimps and the johns. As it stands right now they can”t.

They can’t press charges because they’re carted to jail along with (the assailants).”

In September, Ontario Superior Court Judge Susan Himel struck down laws against keeping a common bawdy house, communicating for the purposes of prostitution and living on the avails of the trade.

That ruling was subject to a temporary stay, and the federal and Ontario governments argued the stay should be extended, lest prostitutes from all over flood to Ontario amid an unprecedented “social experiment.”

On Thursday the Court of Appeal for Ontario granted another temporary stay, meaning the laws will remain on the books until at least April 29. It puts pressure on the government to expedite the appeal.

Justice Minister Rob Nicholson said the government was pleased with the stay, saying there are “considerable” harms that flow from unfettered prostitution.

“These laws are necessary to protect not only the individuals…but the communities as well,” he said.

“If the activity is carried on on the street and police are unable to intervene, this can have a devastating effect on communities and neighbourhoods.”

Nikki Thomas, the deputy director of the Sex Professionals of Canada, said when — not if — Himel’s decision is affirmed by higher courts and comes into effect, it won’t mean that prostitutes will ply their trade on playgrounds and bring sexual anarchy to the streets.

“All that you’ll see is one of the most marginalized groups in the country will finally have the opportunity to take care of their own safety,” she said outside court.

Advocates say Himel’s ruling, once in effect, will allow sex-trade workers to hire bodyguards and file income taxes.

In his ruling, the Appeal Court judge said it would be harmful to the public interest to have the lower court ruling come into effect immediately.

“I am satisfied that it is in the public interest that the judgment be stayed for a relatively short period to permit appellate review of the decision,” Justice Marc Rosenberg wrote.

He called the governments’ evidence “less than compelling” and “somewhat overblown,” but said his principal concern was having a regulatory void if no stay was granted.

Rosenberg ordered that his stay remain in place until April 29 or until the appeal is heard — whichever is earlier.

A current schedule worked out between lawyer Alan Young, who represents the sex-trade workers, and the government lawyers suggests an appeal will be heard in the summer. But Young said he is ready to argue the case tomorrow and urged the governments to press ahead so the appeal can be heard before the stay expires.

It’s likely the case will end up before the Supreme Court of Canada, and Young believes Himel’s decision will ultimately stand.

“The only really important issue right now is not whether the law is going to be applied in the short term, it’s whether or not Justice Himel is right that we have an irrational regime that is hurting a vulnerable population,” Young said.

Prostitution was not illegal in Canada, but the court struck down three provisions that criminalized most aspects of prostitution, however, Criminal Code offences dealing with people under 18 are not affected.

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Stephen Harper can’t fight like a Man because he is not a man – he’s an Imperialist Dog

Time to send them packing.

Remember this about Stephen Harper and those within his government

– they are mentally deranged

– they believe the Universe was created by a GOD about 8000 years ago

– they believe that the Earth is actually 6000 years old and that Dinosaur remains and Carbon dating are false and only put there by GOD to test the faith of Man

– they believe the Human Body is evil and that all sex shouldn’t be for pleasure but for procreation only

We could go on and on about how freakish they are but we have said enough already.

Yet another attempt to end the separation between Church and State and spread more Shame, Fear and Lies across Canada.

Beautiful Chaos in Europe

It is great that the just riots in France continue. Hopefully they will escalate and begin to grow to other places of social disgrace throughout Europe. The British should be well to follow the example of outraged citizens in France in their discontent over a Billionaire leader who’d rather balance a budget by taking from the “Have not’s” as opposed to the “haves”. It is time to begin heavily taxing all corporations everywhere all over the globe. Time to do whatever is required to ensure that this is done regardless of the positions of governments. Those who say that taxing corporations is not good for the economy are telling lies. It is only because they flee to places void in tax. We must ensure that no such places are left unmolested anywhere in the World.

So let us hope that the crisis in France continues and grows worse and spreads until it engulfs the whole of Imperialist Europe and all those who do not support the riots are exposed and reviled. Never forget that the United Nations is a vapid organization that is only interested in maintaining the status quo of the Imperialists. Canada should not be a member of the United Nations. It is time to replace the United Nations with a new world body that will be composed of representatives from First, Second, Third and Fourth World nations as well as representatives of Environmental Groups and Scientists. No more this United Nations and it’s Veto Holding interests – not being interested in the people of the World -. It’s a small World and it is only going to get smaller as the population grows along with technology while Human Civilization remains at Level Zero.

Boylove Manifesto

Here is a copy of the Boylove Manifesto that was written by jay_h in 1997. This is posted on Boywiki and I have decided to post it here as jay_h did an excellent job. The re-post of this manifesto is encouraged by the Boylove Community.
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The Boylove Manifesto
Who Are We?

Boylove is a worldwide phenomenon that does not recognise the boundaries of gender, race, nationality, age, religious beliefs or philosophy. Boylove describes a special kind of relationship between human males. Boylove has always been with us, exists among us today and will always continue to exist.

A boylover is commonly referred to as a “pedophile”. Since boylovers can only speak for themselves, the feminists viewpoint cannot be expressed as part of this document. For the same reason you will not find a treatment about the love of women to boys, nor the love of men to girls as part of this discussion. The aim of this document is to explain the love between human males.

As boylovers we distance ourselves from the current discussion about “child sexual abuse”. We are not willing to participate in a confrontational discussion that does not even take into account the variety of sexual relationships between various age groups.

This document represents the views of the author. The stereotype boylover does not exist. There are as many different opinions among boylovers, as there are men who love and admire boys.
Who Should Read This Document?

This document was written for all boylovers, their friends, their boyfriends and their girlfriends. Further, it was conceived for those children who have been, or may someday be confronted with this subject. It is aimed at parents, counselors, teachers and everyone whose life is touched, privately or professionally, by children. Hopefully, it will be read by some who deal with children, youths and boylovers as part of a therapy program. Finally, this document is a resource for those who may have kept an open mind and are genuinely interested in learning more about the difficult subject of “boylove”.

This document hopes to assist the reader in shaping his or her own opinion. While we are not hoping to gain any supporters for our opinions, we would like to be afforded the opportunity to submit our point-of-view to the current debate.
Why Was This Document Published?

The discourse about sexual contacts between different age groups, particularly those that take place between children and adults, has reached a dead-end. The parties on either side of the argument are no longer on speaking terms. Those who have taken it upon themselves to protect every boy from every boylover place the blame squarely on the boylover. To further their cause, these people do not bother to separate fiction and hearsay from the alleged facts. Their doctrine still nourishes from several centuries filled with repressive sexual standards. When child sexuality became taboo, the thought spread through our collective conscience that a child is simply not a sexual being. Sigmund Freud ventured past this taboo. Since that time, the attempt has been made to restrict the newly discovered sexuality of children by means of legislation. The imbalance of power which governs the relationship between adults and children was swiftly expanded to include the subject of sexuality. The adult members of our society mandate how a child is to cope with his or her own sexuality. The attempt to employ restrictions and punishment as a means of child rearing often causes the child to experience serious conflicts. While may traumatise the child, it will certainly do nothing to further his or her natural development in the future. The discrepancy between the desire a child may experience and the restrictions placed upon these desires by society harms the natural and healthy development of his or her own sexuality. As a result, these children will suffer from some psychological damage even as adults.

This document presents the opposing point of view. At the same time, it attempts to liberate children and adults from many false premises which govern our relationships and our sexuality. In view of the social and cultural position of a boylover, an attempt will be made to present his fundamental ethics – particularly the rights of the boy and the boylover’s responsibilities.
What Is Boylove?

It is not possible to reduce or limit boylove by focusing only on the sexual aspects of an intergenerational relationship. Human sexuality plays the same part in a boylove relationship as it undoubtedly does in any relationship between human beings. Therefore it may not not be present, only slightly present, or explicitly present in any given relationship. A relationship that is based on sexual contact alone is not really part of boylove, because this term includes far more than that.

A boylover desires a friendly and close relationship with a boy. This relationship will not necessarily include any sexual intimacy, nor will it necessarily exclude it. A boylover’s fascination focuses primarily on the “boyish” and “childish” traits that are particular to any boy. The physical traits of the boy and the boylover’s sexual desires, which may or may not be present, are quite secondary to that fascination. A boylover will go to great lengths to protect a boy from negative influences, or any physical and emotional harm. Further, a boylover will not resort to threats nor will he show any signs of aggressive or even violent behavior as part of a relationship.
The Boylove Relationship

In most cases is the attraction between the boylover and the boy is mutual. The boy is drawn to an adult who takes him seriously and treats him respectfully. The boylove relationship is void of the demeaning power struggles and restrictions which are customarily are part of any child/adult relationship. In a boylove relationship, the boy is afforded the chance to experience himself as a person. A person who may have and express his own opinion, without running the risk of having it cast aside as unqualified, or even “childish”. His spirit, as well as his body, are seen as a whole. Not as something that is still in the process – a developmental stage on the way to adulthood.

A child is commonly viewed as someone who needs to grow up in order to become a person. Society applies adult standards in order to shape and mould the child. Personality traits that may be considered undesirable or inconvenient, are often removed in the process of child rearing and education.

As part of a boylove relationship the older partner accepts and nourishes the spirit of the child. The boylover doesn’t try to apply adult standards of behaviour in order force the boy’s spirit to fit the mould. The boy experiences this acceptance of his own unique character as something very special and pleasant. He feels free to develop and grow, because his partner treasures his personality and takes it seriously.

Although the adult partner is always in a position to exercise power over the child, the boylover tries to avoid any power struggles within the relationship. However, the boylover must be aware of the fact that an imbalance of power is present in any adult/child relationship. Therefore a situation may arise where he may need to raise this topic with his partner.
What Are The Rights Of The Boy?

First and foremost it is the right of the boy to develop his personality and his sexuality freely. This rule must govern every boylove relationship and it does. Any physical or psychological pressure inherently infringes upon this precious right. Further, any restrictions that may interfere with the development of his personality, or those that may prohibit him from experiencing his sexuality without restraints, may also be considered an infringement of his rights. It is the boylovers responsibility to shape the relationship in order to comply to the wishes and needs of the boy. It is also his responsibility to ask questions and listen carefully. Most importantly, the boylover must not interfere with the autonomous development of the boy.

The boy has the right to be protected against physical or psychological abuse. It should also be considered a form of abuse when a boy is prohibited from exercising his rights to experience a loving relationship, or if he is not allowed to experience and develop his own sexuality. The rights of the boy should be respected in this regard, too.
What Are Our Demands?

We demand the freedom of individual sexuality for boys and for boylovers.

We demand that current standards of sexuality are reconsidered. These standards infringe upon basic human rights, because they prohibit children and those who love them from even thinking about engaging in any sexual intimacy.

We demand that any medical, psychological or religious notions which are preconceived against child sexuality, be exempted from a discussion about new sexual standards.

We demand that children as well as boylovers be included in the current debate concerning sexuality between children and adults. At this point, the “experts” are people who have gained their knowledge about intergenerational relationships from books and statistics. It sounds incredible: there are people who are defending the best interests of an age group and they haven’t even bothered to ask members of this age group if this representation is desirable, or in their best interests.

We demand our freedom of speech in the media. The internet is being targeted as the forum for boylovers. We demand to be held to the same standards as every other participant in the internet: if there is nothing illegal being published on a “boylove site” then this site may not be shut down, or censored at will.

We demand a forum for open communication between boylovers. A forum that is entirely free from repression. This discourse, support and a sense of community is important. It is a place to discuss sexual ethics and a forum that will be reached by boylovers from around the globe.

We demand that society reconsiders the status of the child. This is our most important demand. Since children are not granted their own personality, and since they are not being taken seriously, there are “experts” who may represent their “best interests”. And as long as we allow this representation to take place, children will be denied their right to develop their own personality, as well as their own sexuality.

1997 by jay_h thanks to ahs/green/ a lot of boylovers where i found inspiration. Translated by Red Baron. Thank you! You’re great!

This document may and should be distributed freely. Links and references to this document in your page are welcome. Please don’t forget to credit the author.

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Boy-lover Coming Out Pamphlet

Project Freedom Canada: Is being hidden from the people by the governments of Canada?

There have been several cases already in Canada of innocent victims of this highly illegal age of sexual consent increase being advised by lawyers to plead guilty instead of relying on Project Freedom Canada to have all illegal amendments that rely upon the age of sexual consent at age 16 years old to be stripped permanently from the Criminal Code of Canada. Two disturbing cases can be seen here.
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Jail likely for Calgary restaurant boss who impregnated 14-year-old

August 17, 2010 – 2:34 pm
By Daryl Slade, Postmedia News

CALGARY — A former restaurant manager is expected to be jailed for sexually exploiting a 14-year-old employee he made pregnant three times.

Provincial court Judge Mark Tyndale raised the spectre of a four-year jail term Monday for the 35-year-old Calgarian, who earlier pleaded guilty to the charge.

“I’m cognizant of the fact this young woman ostensibly consented to all of the activities. However, I am instructed by the courts above me that her consent and her actions of consent are absolutely irrelevant in the circumstances,” said the judge. “She is incapable of consent.”

According to an agreed statement of facts, the restaurant manager and the girl began a friendly relationship in January 2007 that turned sexual by April. They continued to have sex on a weekly basis at his home. She got pregnant twice within a year, first having an abortion and then suffering a miscarriage.

After the abortion, according to court documents, she attempted suicide by cutting her wrists and trying to overdose on ibuprofen, landing her in hospital. She then abused drugs, ran away from home and stopped going to school.

Before the third pregnancy, which the girl brought to term, she had an argument with her mother and police were called in to investigate.

The boss was charged in June 2008 and released with a provision he not have any contact with the girl. He breached the condition by visiting the hospital the day his baby was born. He has pleaded guilty to that charge.

A court order prevents the release of details, including naming the accused or the restaurant, that would identify the girl.

Crown prosecutor Melissa Bond pitched a nine-month sentence while defence lawyer Tonii Roulston sought a 90-day intermittent term.

Tyndale asked the lawyers to provide more information on why the offender shouldn’t face the four-year minimum, as specified in case law.

The judge said sexual intercourse constitutes a major sexual assault under case law, and the Court of Appeal has indicated major sexual assault of a child has a four-year starting point.
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According to this article the man was instructed by his lawyer to plead guilty. This is a lie. There has been no crime committed here. The legal age of sexual consent increase is illegal and it must be thrown out immediately. Many will recall that Octaevius Altair on behalf of Project Freedom Canada had already taken the Attorney General of Canada to the Supreme Court in March 2009 to have these illegal amendments stripped from the Criminal Code but was denied standing on behalf of public interest. I have contacted the defense team for this individual urging that the plea be changed to “Not Guilty” as there is no grounds since law and order must be restored to Canada through the defense of our Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Another disturbing case.

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Abbotsford man charged with sex offence on 14-year-old boy

By Staff reporter, The Province May 26, 2010

Read more: http://www.theprovince.com/news/Abbotsford+charged+with+offence+year/3073513/story.html#ixzz0wxyJkgQX

A 20-year-old Abbotsford man has been charged with fostering an illegal sexual relationship with a 14-year-old Abbotsford boy.

Jeffrey Goddard was arrested on May 20, and has been charged with invitation to sexual touching. Police say Goddard groomed the victim through face to face encounters, phone conversations and through a social networking website.

Police are asking anyone with information about this incident to phone the Major Crime Unit of the Abbotsford Police Department at 604-859-5225

© Copyright (c) The Province
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Again we see innocent people being charged through an illegal amendment that must be challenged and struck down.
There is nothing wrong with harmless and fun recreational sex for youth and/or adults. I personally have engaged in recreational sex with boys as young as 14 years old and there never has nor will there ever be police involvement because there is no reason for there to be. Let us hope that we can now get ourselves a test case and overturn this sick religious agenda by the Federal Government of Canada and restore law and order to our country. I will be providing more information as I am in contact with the defense team.

Foolish Gay Assimilationist Parade In Toronto This Weekend: Never forget 1994

Friday, July 2, 2010

The Foolish Gay Assimilationists have their Pride Parade this weekend in Toronto. It is good that they did not get any Tax Payer Funds for this worthless event -they deserve nothing-. Remember that before 1994 there was a single, same-gender-oriented community that was united in the belief of the Liberation of all sexual minorities. It was our same-gender preference that kept us united. In 1994 this united Community was destroyed by a new faction from within the same-gender-oriented community that changed the agenda from the liberation of all sexual minorities to the assimilation of certain sexual minority archetypes and the exclusion of all others. They betrayed their own kind during the Clinton Era within the United States because they had hoped it would gain them a seat on the vapid United Nations (Canada should not be a member of the United Nations). Fortunately they never did get anything for all their trouble apart from the destruction of the united community. Now there are 2 distinct same-gender-oriented communities. Those who believe in Liberation and then there are those who preach assimilation. The Assimilationists took the word GAY to describe themselves and banned it’s use for the rest of us as well as banning many organizations from any participation within this new community or any parades.

” I was a member of 2 organizations that were banned. Both the North American Man/Boy Love Association and Project Truth. I had a friend within the Gay Anarchists and they were also banned.” Octaevius Altair
Thousands of same-gender-oriented liberation groups were banned all over the world. We still exist. We have the same mandate and it is still Liberation.

” Liberation not Assimilation.” This is our mantra.

NAMBLA Archives are a good source for some information about this time. A time that is never discussed now among these Gay Assimilationists. Many Gay Youth do not even know that the same-gender-oriented community was fragmented without purpose. This is due to the fact that it gained the Assimilationists nothing – they have no shame -.

NAMBLA Website NAMBLA Archives

Remember those who believe in Liberation should not participate in any events organized by this new Gay Community. They do not deserve our support.
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Minor-Attracted-Adults (M.A.A.) please stop hiding. Based on the absurd numbers of sex offenders globally, it is obvious that we are not such a small minority. We have nothing to fear.
“There is no good rape or bad rape. All rape is the same. There are no good victims and bad victims, all victims are the same. There is no good consensual sex and bad consensual sex. All consensual sex is the same and all must be legal. Without consent there is only rape. There are already laws to deal with rape.”
Sex is nothing more than a recreational activity without any morality apart from that which we choose to personally impart it. Sexual pleasure is enjoyed by Human Beings of all sex, sexuality, race and age. It is no different than going to the toilet. There is no reason for it to be subjected to legislation. Sexual pleasure is something that must be enjoyed by all sexes, sexualities and ages. This is beacasue we are all capable of this arousal and pleasure – even Children -. We have truth upon our side and study after study that proves this.
Come out of the closet. Read this.
Create as many profiles on online dating sites and social networking sites as honest and open M.A.A.’s. As long as you do not post illegal material or encourage illegal acts, you cannot be banned. If any attempt to ban you for being and open Child-lover you must continue to re-create and maintain your presence.
Remember that there is only one truth, regardless of the popularity of it. We must organize a backlash against the Assimilationist Agenda and educate our youth that it is time to merge again into a single Global same-gender-oriented community.
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Some Potential Boy-lovers you might have heard of: From Sex and Sexuality, 1640-1940 Literary, Medical and Sociological Perspectives
Part 5: Gay Literature from Anacreon to John Addington Symonds from the British Library, London
Anacreon (c570-c485 BC)
Born in Asia Minor he spent most of his life in Samos, Athens and Thessalia. He was known for his satires and poems featuring love and infatuation. Included in this collection are translations of his poems published in 1815.
Aristophanes (c460/450-c386 BC)
Aristophanes was a Greek Old Comic dramatist and his writing covers the period from Athen’s political and moral decline to a return to prosperity shortly before his death. His plays, full of social and political observations, concentrate on Athenian sexual mores and include a good deal of slapstick humour concerning parts of the body which appealed to the lower classes. The Knights is reported to be a criticism of Cleon, one of the most important men in Athens.
John Atherton (1598-1640)
He was born in Bridgewater, Somerset and educated at Oxford. He moved to Ireland eventually rising from prebendary in Dublin to Lord Bishop of Waterford and Lismore. In 1640 he was accused of sodomy with his steward and tithe proctor, John Childe and both men were convicted and hanged. They were only the second pair of men executed for sodomy in UK history and numerous pamphlets were written about the notorious case including the one included in this collection The Life and Death of John Atherton, 1641. It contains lurid illustrations of the men on the gallows.
Thomas Artus
We include his work Les Hermaphrodites, 1610.
Richard Barnfield (1574-1620)
He was born in Staffordshire, spent his youth in Shropshire, studied at Oxford and became a lawyer. While at Oxford he became friends with the poets Thomas Watson and Michael Drayton and possibly Edmund Spenser. The Affectionate Shepherd, 1594, his first poem, was based on the second eclogue of Virgil and Cynthia, with Certaine Sonnets, 1595 is written in the Spenserian stanza and would appear to be a panegyric on Queen Elizabeth. Both of the poems describe a shepherd’s longing for a younger man using pastoral homoerotic similes.
Thomas Lovell Beddoes (1803-1849)
Born near Bristol and educated at Oxford he went to Germany to study medicine and practised in Zurich. Throughout his life he suffered with depression, committing suicide with poison in Basel and much of his work is preoccupied with death. We include his poem Dream Pedlary, 1910.
Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890)
An explorer and orientalist who spoke around 30 languages, he translated most famously The Kama Sutra,1883 and The Arabian Nights – a plain and literal translation, 1885. We include the Terminal Essay from the latter which describes a wide range of sexual practices, including a frank discussion of homosexuality.
Samuel Butler (1835-1902)
He was born in Nottinghamshire, educated at Cambridge and emigrated to New Zealand where he became a sheep farmer. Although his most famous novel is The Way of all Flesh he was the author of several satirical novels, books on controversial scientific subjects and the translator of Greek and Latin works. We include his homoerotic work Shakespeare’s Sonnets Reconsidered, 1927.
Lord George Gordon Noel Byron (1788-1824)
Byron was brought up in Scotland and educated at Harrow and Cambridge. He became famous with the publication of Childe Harold in 1812 and went on to write some of England’s best loved Romantic poetry. Although his sexuality was in doubt he married and had affairs. He left England for ever in 1816 travelling to Switzerland and Italy where he wrote Don Juan, 1866 and finally to Greece where he took part in the war of independence against the Turks.
John Crowne (c1641-1712)
He was born in England and accompanied his father to the New World in 1657 where he studied at Harvard. He returned to England without graduating in 1660. He produced numerous plays most of which were based on heroic love. We include his play The Married Beau, 1694.
Richard Henry Dana (1815-1882)
Born in Cambridge Massachusetts, he attended Harvard. Suffering from ill health he enlisted as a common sailor on a voyage round Cape Horn to California, visiting settlements there including Monterey, San Diego, Santa Barbara and San Francisco. He kept a diary during his trip and his experiences formed the basis for his book Two Years Before the Mast, 1841 included in this collection. The book is one of America’s most famous accounts of life at sea and provides a detailed account of life on the California coast before the Gold Rush. He later became a lawyer, an advocate for the rights of seamen, an expert on maritime law and a prominent abolitionist playing a prominent part in the politics of the American Civil War.
Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson (1862-1932)
He was born in London, studied medicine at Cambridge and had an intense platonic love affair there with Roger Fry. Together with other well known figures he drafted schemes for the League of Nations and he played a leading role in the founding of a group of international pacifists known as the Bryce Group.
He believed that the study of the Greeks was very important to the contemporary world and his book The Greek View of Life, 1896 which was published in several dozen editions was recommended as an excellent overview of ancient Athenian attitudes to religion, the state, art and the individual. We also include Poems, 1896.
John Dryden (1631-1700)
He was a poet, translator and playwright, born in Northamptonshire who became the dominant literary figure of his age and famous for his satiric poetry and comedies. His play Don Sebastian, King of Portugal, 1690 tells the story of a king who abdicates because of an act of incest.
George Etherege (1636-1689)
Born in Berkshire he studied law in London . His plays introduced a style of wit previously unknown on the British stage and he vividly portrays gay young gentlemen enjoying their amorous adventures. After writing two very successful plays, The Man of Mode, or Sir Fopling Flutter, 1676 is recognised as the best comedy of intrigue written in England before the days of Congreve. It had a witty plot and satirised persons who were well known in London at the time.
Ronald Firbank (1886-1926)
Born in London he left Cambridge without completing his degree. Author of several books, we include here Valmouth, 1919, Santal, 1921 and the play The Princess Zoubaroh, 1920. Valmouth is set on the west coast of England and describes the activities of elderly people at a health spa. He was a great admirer of Oscar Wilde who appears thinly disguised in The Princess of Zoubaroh.
Theophile Gautier (1811-1872)
He was born in Tarbes, France, educated in Paris and became a poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist and literary critic. His early poetry written in the 1830s was written in the style of the Romantic Movement but he later took up the idea of “art for art’s sake”. He became the leader of the Parnassian school of poetry which believed that poetry should be concerned with artistic effect rather than life.
His most important novel was Mademoiselle de Maupin, 1883, a historical romance telling the story of a love triangle – a man and his mistress who both fall in love with Madelaine de Maupin who is disguised as a man.
Robert Greene (1558-1592)
He was born in Norwich, attended Cambridge and Oxford and then moved to London. He became a well-known personality publishing pamphlets, plays and romances and became one of the first authors to fully support himself by his writing. He lived a rather scandalous life, mixing with the seamier side of life in Elizabethan London. He is well known to Shakespeare scholars as one of his pamphlets makes one of the very first references to Shakespeare as a writer. Menaphon, 1589 written in imitation of Arcadia by Sir Philip Sidney is an example of one of his better romances and the short poems and songs included are considered his finest.
Robert Smythe Hitchen
We include his work The Green Carnation, 1894.
Joris-Karl Huysmans (1848-1907) pseudonym of Charles Marie Georges Huysmans
A French novelist living in Paris, he wrote semi-autobiographical novels which depict the seamy side of Paris life while working as a civil servant for the Ministry of the Interior. His style is known for its breadth of vocabulary, very detailed description and satirical wit. His early novel Marthe Histoire d’une fille, 1876, the story of a young prostitute, depicting how physical or spiritual escape is morally wrong, shows the influence of Emile Zola’s work. His most famous novel Against the Grain (A Rébours), 1922 is the story of an aesthete and his homosexual encounters in Paris. The novel was to influence Oscar Wilde and his writing and formed a key exhibit as an example of a sodomitical book at Wilde’s trial in 1895.
William J Ibbett
We include his work A Greek Garland of Amorous Trifles, 1925.
William Jackson
We include his work Sodom and Onan, 1776.
Henry James (1843-1916)
Regarded as one of America’s greatest writers he was born in New York and lived most of his adult life in Britain. He studied law at Harvard but was drawn to writing and contributed articles to American periodicals. He is regarded as one of the founders and leaders of the school of realism in fiction and is best known for his novels such as The Portrait of a Lady, The Wings of a Dove, The Ambassadors and The Golden Bowl which had as their central themes the meeting of the American and European way of life. Many of his friends in Britain belonged to an artistic circle which was considered to be homosexual and research carried out on his correspondence in recent years raises questions about his sexuality.
Jocelyn Percy (1764-1843)
He was Anglican Bishop of Clogher in the Church of Ireland from 1820-1822. The pamphlet A Correct Account of the Horrible Occurrence which took place at a public-house in St James, 1822 tells the story of how he was caught in an compromising position with a Grenadier guardsman in a public house in London. He was the most senior British churchman to be involved in a public homosexual scandal in the 19th century and the case became the subject of many cartoons, pamphlets and limericks. He was removed from his position as bishop for “the crimes of immorality, incontinence, Sodomitical practices, habits, and propensities, and neglect of his spiritual, judicial, and ministerial duties”.
William Johnson (1823-1892) also known as William Cory
Born in Devon, England he was educated at Eton where he later became a master. Despite being a great educator he was forced to resign in middle age for supposed homosexual activity. He is best known for his Uranian poem Ionica, 1858 which was a collection of homoerotic and pederastic poems dedicated to one of his pupils, later Lord Halifax. He is the author of the well known Eton Boating Song.
Nathaniel Lee (c1653-1692)
Educated at Cambridge, he wanted to act but turned to writing plays. The Rival Queens, or the Death of Alexander the Great, 1677 which has jealousy as its theme was a favourite on the English stage for many years. His associates in London belonged to the John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester circle and he lived their profligate way of life. We include three more of his plays in this collection.
Vernon Lee (1856-1935) pseudonym of Violet Paget
Born in France to British parents she spent most of her life in Italy. She is known mostly for her supernatural fiction but wrote also essays and poetry and contributed to the “Yellow Book”. Her circle included many famous male writers but she preferred close friendships with women. She was responsible for introducing the concept of empathy into the English language and her writings were influenced by Walter Pater, the pioneer of the English Aesthetic Movement. Ariadne in Mantua, 1903, a romance is recognised as her most self-revealing work. The Beautiful, 1913, also included in this collection, is a study of aesthetics.
John Henry Mackay (1864-1933)
Born in Scotland of German and Scottish parents, he returned to Germany with his German mother when his father died. He wrote in German and initially gained recognition as a lyric poet writing novellas. His novel Der Schwimmer, 1901 was one of the first literary sports novels ever written. He achieved fame with two books about anarchy Die Anarchisten and Der Freiheitsucher and also wrote books about homosexual love under the pseudonym Sagitta.
Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593)
Born in Canterbury and educated at Cambridge he is famous for tragedies such as Tamburlaine, The Jew of Malta and The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus in the years preceding Shakespeare. Edward II which is included in the collection is one of the very few Renaissance plays to deal with the subject of homosexuality. It tells the story of the dethronement of the homosexual Edward II by his barons and French queen.
Ovid (43BC-AD17)
Born near Rome, Publius Ovidius Naso was educated in Athens and travelled widely in Asia and Europe. We include his poem Ars amatoria (Art of Love) which gives details on lovemaking. It caused a scandal in Rome and led to his banishment.
Walter Pater (1839-1894)
As an essayist and critic, born in London who lived most of his life in Oxford, he is remembered primarily as an innovator in aesthetics – “art for art’s sake”. His writings aimed to introduce to his age the art and literature of the Renaissance and his hedonistic life was a great influence on his younger contemporaries, Symons, Edmund Gosse, Gerald Manley Hopkins and Oscar Wilde. His novel Marius the Epicurean, 1892 is a study of the thoughts and feelings of a young second century Roman.
Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891)
A French poet and father of French symbolism, he produced his best work while still in his teens. His relationship with the French poet Paul Verlaine was to end violently and it was during this period he wrote Une Saison en Enfer, 1873 examining his spiritual state in poetry and prose. The work is regarded as a pre-cursor to modern Symbolist writing.
Antonio Rocco (1586-1653)
This Italian writer is famous for a single book which was condemned as filthy and obscene but was finally published in 1652 twenty years after it was written. It is called L’Alcibiade Fanciullo a Scola (The Boy Alcybiades at School) and tells the story of a teacher trying to persuade a pupil to have sexual relationships with him.
Frederick Rolfe ( Pseudonym Baron Corvo) (1860-1913)
He was born in London and after converting to Roman Catholicism wished to become a priest, an ambition which was never realised and he became a freelance writer and photographer, mostly of nude men. Most of his writings concern homosexuality. He was a regular contributor to the Yellow Book for which the series Stories Toto Told Me, 1897 was written. These are retellings of Italian peasant legends about the saints, later collected into book form with a sequel and entitled In his Own Image, 1901.
Marquis de Sade (1740-1814)
A French writer infamous for his licentious and scandalous life and for the pornography he wrote, his works have been the subject of much argument and discussion. We include his play La Philosophie dans le Boudoir, 1795 which is a pornographic tale concerning a young woman and her corruption by a woman, her brother and a homosexual. The characters are all bisexual and prefer the act of sodomy.
Simeon Solomon (1840-1905)
Born in London to a prominent Jewish family he became a well known painter of the Pre-Raphaelite circle. He was open about his sexuality and was sentenced to hard labour for openly attempting to procure men in London. He spent his last years suffering from alcoholism in a London workhouse.
Thomas Southerne (1660-1746)
Born in Dublin, he became a lawyer and a soldier before turning to writing plays. He wrote numerous plays, both comedies and drama, The Maid’s Last Prayer, 1693 being one of them. His plays were regularly revived and remained popular over the succeeding years.
Philip Stubbes (1550?-1593?)
As an English poet and pamphleteer, in his famous work Anatomie of Abuses, 1583, he addressed the controversy concerning certain aspects of the Catholic doctrine which had been carried over into the Church of England. His ridicule of dancing, theatre and other activities deemed immoral gave him the reputation of being a Puritan.
Howard Overing Sturgis (1855-1920)
He was born in London to a rich and well-connected family who mixed with well known figures such as Henry Adams and William Makepeace Thackeray. His novel Tim: A Story of Eton, 1891 recounts the unhappy time he spent at Eton. After attending Cambridge he lived with his lover “The Babe” for many years.
Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909)
He was born in London and after attending Oxford became famous for his verse dramas. Poems and Ballads, 1866 caused one of the most famous literary scandals of the period as it attempted to shock the reader with a celebration of physical love in the spirit of the ancient Greek lyric poets and French contemporaries. He enjoyed a hedonistic life style and counted Dante Gabriel Rossetti and William Morris as his friends.
John Addington Symonds (1840-1893)
Born in Bristol and educated at Harrow he married but had several homosexual lovers. It was while he was in Europe with one of his male pupils that he wrote some of his best poetry New and Old: A Volume of Verse, 1880. He eventually settled at Davos in Switzerland and it was here that he wrote most of his books. A volume of essays In the Key of Blue, 1893 and Walt Whitman, A Study, 1893 were published in the year of his death.
Symonds could not speak openly about his homosexuality but he privately published a large number of poems on the subject and in 1883 wrote one of the first essays in defence of homosexuality A Problem in Greek Ethics followed in 1896 by A Problem in Modern Ethics which included proposals for the reform of anti-homosexual legislation. These essays continued to be read widely by homosexual writers for many decades after and in the late twentieth century more of his personal writings and letters were finally published.
Albius Tibullus (c 54-19 BC)
Tibullus was a Latin poet and writer of elegies. His book of love elegies included in this collection contains details of his love affairs with men as well as women.
Paul Verlaine (1844-1896)
French poet and leader of the Symbolist movement, he was born in Metz and educated in Paris. He was briefly married but left his wife to live with the French poet Arthur Rimbaud. After a drunken quarrel with him, during which Rimbaud was injured, he spent two years in prison and converted to Roman Catholicism. Many of his poems reflect on his life with Rimbaud. He taught in England and in France and his infatuation with one of his pupils, Lucien Létinois produced more poetry. In his later years he was addicted to drink and drugs and lived in poverty in Paris. We include his poem Hombres, 1903.
Walt Whitman (1819-1892)
The famous American poet, essayist, journalist and humanist is regarded as the most influential poet in American literature. He was born on Long Island and worked as a journalist, teacher, clerk and as a volunteer nurse during the American Civil War, at the same time producing memorable poetry. He is believed to be homosexual.
Leaves of Grass, a collection of poetry which he would continue editing and revising until his death is recognised as his greatest work. The first edition published in 1855 caused considerable interest but was also criticised for its obscenity. Further editions appeared throughout his lifetime and we include that for 1856.
Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)
Educated at Trinity College Dublin and Oxford, he was famous for his bohemian life style. At the beginning of his career he published poetry and novels such as The Picture of Dorian Gray, 1890 but it was as a playwright he enjoyed most success. Accused and convicted of homosexual conduct with Lord Alfred Douglas at the peak of his career in 1895 he served hard labour in Reading prison before moving to France where he died a few years later.
John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester (1647-1680)
An English libertine and writer of satirical and bawdy poetry, he was born in Oxfordshire and attended Oxford University. Although he married and had a mistress his poetry suggests he was bi-sexual. He led a very dissolute life and by his early thirties was dead from alcoholism and possibly syphilis. His poems and dramas deal with scandals in the court of Charles II and are influenced by his reading of French and Latin poets. His poem A Satyr Against Mankind, 1675 was admired but was infamous for its denunciation of rationalism and optimism.
Theodore Winthrop (1828-1861)
A writer, lawyer and traveller, he was born in New Haven, Connecticut. After graduating from Yale he travelled in Great Britain, Europe and USA. He wrote and contributed various articles to periodicals before the Civil War but it was not till after his death that his books were published. John Brent, 1876 was based on his experiences in the West and Cecil Dreeme, 1876 his most important work, discussed morality and gender at New York University.
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Let us not forget Allen Ginsberg and William S. Burroughs.